In the state of Maharashtra, Gudi Padwa is one of the most celebrated festivals. It is also known as Padva or Parva. For the Marathi and Konkani Hindus this day marks the new year as per the luni-solar calendar. It falls on the first day of the Chaitra Month (March-April). Ideally the day welcomes the new month and the spring that is associated with agriculture. The main highlights of the festival are Gudhi, Rangoli preparations and cultural processions. The festival has various names as per the culture like its known as Gudi Padwa in Marathi, Yugadi in Kannada and Ugadi in Telgu. The local hindus in the Konkan region of Maharashtra call this festival as Samsara Paadavo. The Sindhi community celebrates this festival as Cheti Chand as on this day Lord Jhulelal or the Esht Dev of the community had appeared. This year Gudi Padwa will be celebrated on 25th march, 2020.Universe’s Creation:
As per mythological stories it is believed that on lord Brahma’s order Lord Krishna created the material cosmic universe. The creator and manager of the material cosmos is lord Brahma. As per the legendary Vedic literature Lord Brahma was born from the lotus that sprouts from lord Vishnu’s Navel. Of all the gods, lord Brahma is the chief that created functions beyond the humankind. In the Vaishnava Scriptures, Lord Vishnu created the Vaikunthas that creates the material world. The immediate task of the chief engineer is to create and manage the universe. On this day of Gudi Padwa Lord Brahma began meditating. The day marks the coronation of Lord Rama. On this day lord Rama along with his wife and his brother and eternal servitor Hanuman returned to Ayodhya. After the win over evil, people of the kingdom were happy to see their king.Gudi –Main focus of the festival:
The most crucial part of the festival of Gudhi Padwa is the Gudi that means flag. People keep the flag on the right side of the house outside. The flag is made up of bamboo and it is covered with copper pot called Kalasha and brocade filled yellow piece of cloth. On the top of it there are twig of mango leaves, garland of flowers, sugar crystals and neem leaves. Kalash- It is a pot and as per scriptures it is called puranakalash that means complete pot. Pot is pure that as it is used to keep holy waters. In Jainism the pot is considered one of the most sacred object. As per Hinduism the Kalasha the pot contains elixir the nectar of immortality.
Cloth- The cloth used can be of any color green or yellow or saffron. The yellow color depicts sato guna. Lord agni and surya represent the color yellow. While green and saffron depict life as on this day cosmos was created by lord Brahma.
Flowers- The qualities of passion are epitomized by Gudi. As per the Vedas, aggressive deities like goddess Kali depict red color that represents evil signs.
Sugar Crystals- Sugar is the key ingredient of Panchmarit. It represents sweetness. In the mode of goodness people are sweet, humble and respectful. In the entire context no harsh words were ever used by Lord Rama.
The Gudi is symbolizes a crucial tool against negative vibes. The Brahma flag is also known as Brahma Dwaj. It depicts the victory of good over evil. It is said that on this day the spiritual deities fly down to the earth from their spiritual world and visit the house through the Gudi. After the festival the Kalash is used to drink or store water. The kalash represents the spiritual sky that has various elements that aids in removing all impurities from the body.How to make Gudi at Home?
Ingredients required- A mid-size bamboo stick, cloth, Kalash ,Mango and Neem Leaves, Floral Garland and sugar crystals.
- Keep a medium-size bamboo stick ready.
- Then you can tie saffron, yellow or green cloth around the Bamboo stick.
- Around the cloth tie some mango and neem leaves.
- Later add a flower garland along with sugar crystals around the tied cloth.
- On the top of the stick, place an inverted copper or silver Lotta. On your home doorway you can place this gudi on the right side .
- Considering the Gudi as the Brahma flag, you can hoist the Gudi. You can invoke the blessings of Brahama and Vishnu by chanting their mantra while hoisting the Gudi.
Lord Vivasan is associated with Gudi along with lord sun that shares his energy and unlimited heat and light. The special puja is performed by the Hindu families. The puja is performed by the family’s eldest member. Also the families celebrate the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhaya. After the puja the grated coconut, neem leaves and jaggary are mixed and served as Prasad.